Eurofer (European Steel Association)

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Organisation Score
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Brussels, Belgium
Official Web Site:

Climate Lobbying Overview: The European Steel Association (Eurofer) appears to take mixed positions on European climate policy and is strategically engaged. The association’s stances on top-line ambition seem to have improved since 2018, but it continues to lobby negatively on key climate policy such as the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) and does not appear to support renewable energy legislation. Eurofer broadly supports the energy transition, but with conditions on competitiveness and technology neutrality.

Top-line Messaging on Climate Policy: Eurofer appears to broadly support top-line climate ambition, in a joint letter to EU policymakers in May 2021 stating support for the EU’s 2050 climate neutrality objective. However, in comments on a public consultation in 2020 the association that the Climate Law should preserve competitiveness and prevent carbon leakage. The association appeared to support government regulation to respond to climate change in a position paper in February 2021, but stressed that European energy and climate policy must ensure international and domestic competitiveness. In a meeting with a member of President Von Der Leyen’s cabinet, Eurofer supported carbon leakage protection and cost-effectiveness in the Fit-For-55 package.

Engagement with Climate-Related Regulations: Eurofer appears to have mostly negative engagement with EU climate policies. In a comment on an EU consultation in 2020, the association did not seem to support any reforms to the EU ETS, advocating against adjusting mechanisms to reduce the amount of free allocation of emissions allowances for industry and supporting indirect cost compensation. In response to a public consultation in 2020, Eurofer did not seem to support extending the ETS to other sectors such as buildings and road transport, advocating for separate schemes instead. In March 2021, the association’s Director General Axel Eggert seemed to support a carbon border adjustment mechanism alongside existing carbon leakage protection measures under the EU ETS, but has stated support for a phase out of these measures when a sustainable market for green steel is fully formed. In a joint email to lawmakers in 2021, Eurofer advocated to the European Parliament that a carbon border adjustment mechanism should “co-exist with the current system of free allocation.”

Eurofer seemed to support energy efficiency legislation in buildings in a contribution to an EU consultation in 2020, but did not appear to support increasing the Energy Efficiency Target. Additionally, in a 2021 position paper, the organization did not support a cap on energy usage under the Energy Efficiency Directive. The association does not appear to support renewable energy legislation, as in a position paper in 2021 it seemed to advocate against reforms to the Renewable Energy Directive and supported the removal of renewable energy subsidies. In a consultation response in 2021, Eurofer supported exemptions for industry from renewable energy levies and advocated for the technology neutrality principle for low-carbon energy policy.

Eurofer does not seem to fully support increasing the EU’s 2030 Climate Target, in a 2020 consultation response stating that it disagreed that the opportunities would outweigh the challenges of increasing the target, and appeared to stress the risks of unilateral action and the long-term horizons of investment in the steel sector. However, the association stated support for CO2 standards as a mid-term and long-term measure in a 2020 position paper.

Positioning on Energy Transition: Eurofer appears to broadly support the energy transition and the decarbonization of the steel industry, but seemed to stress that energy policy must maintain the competitiveness of industry in a 2020 position paper. The association supported hydrogen as a fuel to decarbonize industry and the EU’s Hydrogen Strategy in a comment on an EU consultation in June 2020, but advocated that “all forms of low carbon hydrogen production should be supported in a technological neutral way.” Eurofer did not appear to support reforming the Energy Taxation Directive to bring it in line with the EU’s increased climate ambition in a response to an EU consultation in April 2020.

Whilst EUROFER has voiced support for EU rules on car and van emissions, it appears unsupportive of EU energy efficiency standards or targets for industry, suggesting they are incompatible with economic growth. While Eurofer’s communications in 2018-19 have indicated growing support for transitioning to a low-carbon economy, the organisation has also advocated against renewable energy subsidies, stressing the need for “market-based” measure to support renewable energy over binding government regulation.

Main Web Site Social Media CDP Responses Legislative Consultations Media Reports CEO Messaging Financial Disclosures EU Register
Communication of Climate Science
Alignment with IPCC on Climate Action
0 0 NA 0 NS 1 NA NA
Supporting the Need for Regulations
0 -1 NA 0 NS -1 NA NA
Support of UN Climate Process
1 0 NA 2 2 0 NA NA
Transparency on Legislation
Carbon Tax
0 0 NA -1 -1 0 NA NA
Emissions Trading
-1 0 NA -1 0 -1 NA NA
Energy and Resource Efficiency
-1 0 NA 0 NS NS NA NA
Renewable Energy
-1 0 NA 0 NS -1 NA NA
Energy Transition & Zero Carbon Technologies
0 0 NA 0 0 0 NA NA
GHG Emission Regulation
1 0 NA 0 -1 0 NA NA
Disclosure on Relationships